Steroids, Diuretics and Stimulants

What are anabolic steroids?

Androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) are a class of steroid hormones possessing androgenic (promote development of male sexual characteristics) and anabolic (increase nitrogen retention, protein synthesis and muscle growth) properties. Synthetic AAS were developed as licensed drugs in the late 1950’s/ early 1960’s. Soon they became popular among athletes as highly potent performance enhancing drugs. Abuse of AAS violates fundamental principles of sports and seriously threatens athlete’s health. AAS are banned in sports since 1976. In response to the demand, new similar non-licensed steroids were developed and sold as “legal” nutritional supplements. They are also known as prohormones and designer anabolic steroids. Currently, in the US all prohormones, classic and designer AAS are classified as Schedule III Controlled substances.View the 2011 WADA Prohibited List here

What are diuretics?

Diuretics elevate the rate of bodily urine excretion (diuresis). Use of diuretics is prohibited in sports. Increased urine flow reduces concentration of prohibited substances in urine, thus complicating their detection (masking). Diuretics are also known to be abused in weight sports (weight category manipulation).

What are stimulants?

Stimulants are psychoactive drugs that induce temporary improvements in mental and/or physical function. The effects of stimulants include enhanced alertness, wakefulness, endurance, productivity and motivation; increased arousal, locomotion, heart rate/blood pressure; and a perception of a diminished requirement for food and sleep. Stimulant abuse can lead to addiction and is eventually destructive to human health.

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